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A Peanut Variety ‘Heuksaeng’ with Short Stem and Purple Testa
단경 내도복 검정땅콩 신품종 ‘흑생’
Korean J. Breed. Sci. 2017;49(2):103-108
Published online June 1, 2017
© 2017 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Suk-Bok Pae1*, Sung-Up Kim1, Myoung-Hee Lee1, Chung-Dong Hwang1, Ki-Won Oh1, Chan-Sik Jung2, Deok-Young Song2, In-Youl Baek1, and Young-Hee Lee2
배석복1*, 김성업1, 이명희1, 황정동1, 오기원1, 정찬식2, 송득영2, 백인열1, 이영희2

1Department of Southern Area Crop Science, NICS, RDA, Milyang 50424, Korea 2National Institute of Crop Science, RDA, Wanju 55365 Korea
1국립식량과학원 남부작물부, 2국립식량과학원
Abstract
A new peanut variety ‘Heuksaeng’(Arachis hypogaea ssp. hypogaea L.) was developed at the Department of Southern Area Crop Science, National Institute of Crop Science (NICS) in 2014. This was developed from the cross between ‘Iksan 31’ with Virginia typed short stem and ‘Iksan 35’ with large grain. ‘Heuksaeng’ is the first purple testa variety developed in Korean. It has 25 branches per plant and its length of main stem was 32 cm. Each pod has two grains with puple testa and long ellipse-shaped kernel. Its yield components showed 60 pods per plant, 69 g of 100-seed-weight and 77% of pod shelling ratio in the regional yield trials (RYT). Seed quality showed 46.0% of crude oil and 26.9% of protein content. This variety has anthocyanins typed as delpinidin-3-glucoside (D3G) and cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G) in seed testa. This variety showed more resistant to late leaf spot, web blotch, and lodging, compared to reference variety. In the regional yield trials for 2 years, ‘Heuksaeng’ with 4.25 MT/ha for grain production has the same productivity to reference variety.
Keywords : Peanut variety, Arachis hypogaea, Heuksaeng


June 2019, 51 (2)