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Development of Naked Non-Waxy Black Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Cultivar ‘Huknuri’ with High Anthocyanin Content
안토시아닌 함량이 많은 검정색 메성쌀보리 ‘흑누리’
Korean J Breed Sci 2018;50(3):274-279
Published online September 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Mi-Ja Lee*, Yang-Kil Kim, Kyung-Ho Kim, Hyung-Ho Park, and Sang-Min Kim
이미자*, 김양길, 김경호, 박형호, 김상민

National Institute Crop Science, RDA, Wanju, 55365, Korea
농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원
Correspondence to: (E-mail: esilvia@korea.kr, Tel: +82-63-238-5332, Fax: +82-63-238-5303)
Received May 1, 2018; Accepted June 7, 2018.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Consumer interest in nutrition and health has increased, for other food and industrial applications, including for barley. ‘Huknuri’ is a new naked non-waxy barley cultivar with black lemma. It was developed by the National Institute of Crop Science, RDA, in 2011. The initial cross was carried out in 2002, and an elite line (HB16225-B-B-9) was selected in 2006. Since then, through preliminary yield and advanced yield trials, it was designated as ‘Iksan 100’. It showed good agronomic performance in the regional yield trials from 2009 to 2011 and was released as ‘Huknuri’, possessing high anthocyanin content and black lemma with a non-waxy endosperm. The average heading and maturing dates of ‘Huknuri’ were April 23 and May 29 in paddy fields, which were one day earlier and the same as those of the check cultivar ‘Saessalbori’, respectively. It had a culm and spike length of 87 and 5.0 cm, respectively. It showed 601 spikes per m2, 61 grains per spike, 29.0 g of 1,000-grain weight, and 780 g of test weight. ‘Huknuri’ showed better resistance to Barley yellow mosaic virus and higher water absorption and expansion rates than those of the check cultivar. Its average pearled grain yield in the regional yield trial was 3.44 MT/ha in upland, and 3.56 MT/ha in paddy fields, which were 5% lower and 1% higher than those of the check cultivar, respectively. The anthocyanin content was 180 μg/g, which was higher than that of the check cultivar.
Keywords : Naked barley, Huknuri, non-Waxy, Anthocyanin


September 2018, 50 (3)
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