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Erect Plant Type and Medium Maturing Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) Variety ‘Geumsilchal’
직립 초형 중생 찰기장 “금실찰”
Korean J Breed Sci 2018;50(3):296-301
Published online September 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Ko, Jee-Yeon1*, Song, Seok-Bo1, Choe, Meyong-Eun1, Kwak, Do-Yeon1, Choi Ji-Myeong1, Woo, Koan-Sik1, Yoon, Gun-Sik2, Choi, Gyu-Hwan3, and Kim Yong-Soon4
고지연1*, 송석보1, 최명은1, 곽도연1, 최지명1, 우관식1, 윤건식2, 최규환3, 김용순4

1National Institute Crop Science, RDA, 50424, Korea
2Chungchungbukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services, 28130, Korea
3Jellabukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services, 54591, Korea
4Jellanamdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services, 58213, Korea
1농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원, 2충청북도농업기술원, 3전라북도농업기술원, 4전라남도농업기술원
Correspondence to: (E-mail:, Tel: +82-55-350-1225, Fax: +82-55-352-3059)
Received May 16, 2018; Accepted June 8, 2018.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
‘Geumsilchal’ is a Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) variety developed and registered by the Department of Southern Area Crop Science, NICS, RDA, in 2014. This variety was developed through pure line selection from K131247. ‘Geumsilchal’ was an erect type medium-maturing variety. Its growing period was 104 days when it was seeded on May 15, and 94 days when it was seeded on July 15 in Milyang, Korea. The culm length of ‘Geumsilchal’ was about 123 cm, which was 13 cm longer than that of the standard variety ‘Hwanggeumgijang’. ‘Geumsilchal’ was tolerant to lodging in the field because of its wide column width and erect plant type. The panicle type was droopy and its length was about 23 cm. Seed grain and dehusked grains were yellow, and the endosperm characteristic was glutinous. The yield potential of ‘Geumsilchal’ was about 2.41 ton ha-1 in regional yield trials from 2013 to 2014 and was 27% higher than that of the standard variety ‘Hwanggeumgijang’ (Variety registration No. 6247).
Keywords : Proso millet, Geumsilchal, Glutinous, variety

September 2018, 50 (3)
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