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Current Status and Prospect of Wheat Functional Genomics using Next Generation Sequencing
차세대 염기서열분석을 통한 밀 기능유전체 연구의 현황과 전망
Korean. J. Breed. Sci. 2018;50(4):364-377
Published online December 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Changhyun Choi1, Young-Mi Yoon1, Jae-Han Son1, Seong-Woo Cho2*, and Chon-Sik Kang1*
최창현1, 윤영미1, 손재한1, 조성우2*, 강천식1*

1National Institute of Crop Science, Wanju, 55365, Republic of Korea
2Institute of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, 54896, Republic of Korea
1국립식량과학원, 2전북대학교
Correspondence to: Chon-Sik Kang, E-mail: kcs1209@korea.kr, Tel: +82-63-238-5453, Fax: +82-63-238-5463
Seong-Woo Cho, E-mail: tottoriu2009@naver.com, Tel: +82-63-270-2533, Fax: +82-63-270-2640
Received October 25, 2018; Revised October 26, 2018; Accepted October 31, 2018.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Hexaploid wheat (common wheat/bread wheat) is one of the most important cereal crops in the world and a model for research of an allopolyploid plant with a large, highly repetitive genome. In the heritability of agronomic traits, variation in gene presence/absence plays an important role. However, there have been relatively few studies on the variation in gene presence/absence in crop species, including common wheat. Recently, a reference genome sequence of common wheat has been fully annotated and published. In addition, advanced next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology provides high quality genome sequences with continually decreasing NGS prices, thereby dawning full-scale wheat functional genomic studies in other crops as well as common wheat, in spite of their large and complex genomes. In this review, we provide information about the available tools and methodologies for wheat functional genomics research supported by NGS technology. The use of the NGS and functional genomics technology is expected to be a powerful strategy to select elite lines for a number of germplasms.
Keywords : Wheat, Ngs, Functional genomics, MAS, SNP, Genome editing, Marker


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