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Comparison of Agricultural Traits and Physicochemical Properties of Lentil (Lens culinaris Med.), Chickpea (Cicer aretinum L.), and Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) Germplasms Collected from Tropical and Subtropical Regions
열대, 아열대 지역 수집 렌즈콩, 병아리콩, 송이콩 유전자원의 농업형질과 이화학적 특성 비교
Korean. J. Breed. Sci. 2018;50(4):453-462
Published online December 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Yu-Mi Choi, Sukyeung Lee, Myung-Chul Lee, Sejong Oh, Onsook Hur, Gyu Taek Cho, Munsup Yoon, and Do Yoon Hyun*
최유미, 이수경, 이명철, 오세종, 허온숙, 조규택, 윤문섭, 현도윤*

National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, RDA, Jeonju, 54875, Republic of Korea
농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원
Correspondence to: E-mail: dyhyun@korea.kr, Tel: +82-63-238-4912, Fax: +82-63-238-4909
Received October 23, 2018; Revised October 24, 2018; Accepted November 8, 2018.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
This study was carried out to investigate the utilization value of legume crops collected in tropical and subtropical areas. We examined agronomic traits to assess domestic adaptability and evaluated useful components of foreign legumes. We used a total of 201 genetic resources of three legumes, consisting of 68 lentils, 72 chickpeas and 61 guars. The average number of days to flowering of the three legumes ranged from 56.7 to 60.8 days; the shortest in guar and longest in chickpea. The average number of days to growth of the three legumes ranged from the shortest 86.8 days in lentil, to the longest 163.9 days in guar. The maturation period of the three legumes lasted from the end of May until mid-September, based on sowing in March. However, the average yield of lentil was very low, ranging from 0.5 g to 30.6 g, with an average 16.4 g based on 10 plants per accession. The average 100 seed weight of the three legumes was 2.2 g for lentil, 22.9 g for chickpea, and 3.8 g for guar. The crude protein content ranged from 14.1% to 32.4% with an average of 20.4%, the highest for guar and the lowest for chickpea. The average crude oil content in the three legume crops was generally low, ranging from 0.8% in lentil, to 4.3% in chickpea. The average dietary fiber content in the three legume crops varied from 15.7% to 50.7%. Guar was the highest source of fiber, followed by chickpea (19.3%) and lentil (15.7%). From the agricultural traits analysis, chickpea and guar could grow domestically. However, lentil was difficult to flower and fruit normally during the warmer season after May. Therefore, lentil should be considered for late summer cropping during the cool season. The physicochemical properties of the three legumes seem to be useful as they are similar to, or better than, those of the control common bean.
Keywords : Lentil, Chickpea, Guar, Agricultural traits, Protein, Fiber, Oil


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