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A High-Yielding and Medium Maturing Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) Variety ‘Cheongpungchal’
다수성 중생 찰기장 ‘청풍찰’
Korean J Breed Sci 2019;51(1):55-60
Published online March 1, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Yun, Geon-Sig1*, Lee, Jae-Wung1, Hwang, Se-Gu1, Kim, Ik-Jei1, Hong, Seong-Taeg1, Ko, Jee-Yeon2, Choi, Gyu-Hwan3, Kim, Yong-Soon4, and Kim Hong-Sig5
윤건식1*, 이재웅1, 황세구1, 김익제1, 홍성택1, 고지연2, 최규환3, 김용순4, 김홍식5

1Chungcheongbukdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services, 28130, Korea
2National Institute Crop Science, RDA, 50424, Korea
3Jellabukdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services, 54591, Korea
4Jellanamdo Agricultural Research and Extension Services, 58213, Korea
5Chungbuk National University, 28644, Korea
1충북농업기술원 작물연구과, 2국립식량과학원 남부작물부, 3전라북도농업기술원, 4전라남도농업기술원, 5충북대학교 식물자원학과
Correspondence to: *(E-mail: lothmv@korea.kr, Tel: +82-43-220-5562, Fax: +82-43-220-5549)
Received February 7, 2019; Revised February 12, 2019; Accepted February 17, 2019.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
To satisfy the health needs of consumers and enhance the yields of producers, a grain crop ‘Cheongpungchal’ (Panicum miliaceum L.) with many common names, including proso millet, was collected from a landrace in Danyang, Chungbuk province and developed using a pure-line selection method. ‘Cheongpungchal’, which has a brown seed coat, has characteristics of a medium-maturing variety, requiring 102 days from sowing to harvesting. The variable growth characteristics included a stem length of 155 cm on average and length of ears 38.4 cm on average. As for the yield-related characteristics, the average number of spikes per plant was 3.8, the ear weight per plant was 11.8 g, and the rough millet thousand-grain weight averaged 5.17 g. The results of a regional adaptation test in 5 regions of Korea for three years revealed the yield of ‘Cheongpungcha’l to be 38% higher than that of the ‘Hwanggeumgijang’ variety, representing the best yield from among existing varieties. The total polyphenolic content of ‘Cheongpungchal’ was 32% higher than that of the ‘Hwanggeumgijang’ variety, and the antioxidant activity was 63% greater than that of ‘Hwanggeumgijang’. As a result of this research, ‘Cheongpungchal’ has been registered as a variety (grant number No. 6964) with the Korea Seed and Varieties Service in 2018 following filing for breed protection in 2016.
Keywords : high yield, proso millet, Cheongpungchal, glutinous, variety


March 2019, 51 (1)
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