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Current Status of New Plant Breeding Technologies and Crop Development
신육종 기술 및 작물 개발 동향
Korean J Breed Sci 2019;51(3):161-174
Published online September 1, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Sang-Ryeol Park, Jihee Park, Sun-Hyung Lim, Jong-Yeol Lee, and Beom-Gi Kim*
박상렬 · 박지희 · 임선형 · 이종렬 · 김범기*

National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju, 54874, Republic of Korea
농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농업생명자원부
Correspondence to: (E-mail: bgkimpeace@gmail.com, Tel: +82-63-238-4614, Fax: +82-63-238-4604)
Received May 15, 2019; Revised June 15, 2019; Accepted July 16, 2019.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
In recent years, new plant breeding technologies (NPBT) have had enormous effects on breeding and the agricultural industry. In particular, genome editing technology, including site-directed nuclease technologies, has progressed dramatically since the first-generation Zinc finger nucleases to the third-generation clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9). CRISPR/Cas9 technology has yielded a revolutionary breakthrough in the accurate, efficient, and user-friendly genome editing of eukaryotes. Several methods for basic research and applications, such as knock-out, base editing, gene targeting, and transcriptional activation or repression have been derived from CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Herein, we will describe the current progress in NPBTs and also summarize the crops developed by NPBTs. After analyzing the current status of NPBTs and crop development, we have proposed potential strategies for crop development using NPBTs.
Keywords : New Plant Breeding Technology, CRISPR/Cas9, genome editing, crops, site directed nuclease


September 2019, 51 (3)
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