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Gene-Edited Crops: Present Status and their Future
유전자교정 농작물의 실용화 현황 및 전망
Korean J Breed Sci 2019;51(3):175-183
Published online September 1, 2019
© 2019 Korean Society of Breeding Science.

Soo-Chul Park1*, Young-Hee Joung2, Kyung-Min Kim3, Ju-Kon Kim4, and Hee-Jong Koh5
박수철1* · 정영희2 · 김경민3 · 김주곤4 · 고희종5

1Institutes of Green-Bio Science & Technology, Seoul National University, Pyeongchang 25354, Republic of Korea / Sustainability Committee, ILSI (International Life Sciences Institute) KOREA, Seoul, 02835, Republic of Korea
2School of Biological Sciences and Technology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Republic of Korea
3College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea
4Institutes of Green-Bio Science & Technology, Seoul National University, Pyeongchang 25354, Republic of Korea / Graduate School of International Agricultural Technology
5Department of Plant Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea
1서울대학교 그린바이오과학기술연구원/한국국제생명과학회, 2전남대학교 자연과학대학, 3경북대학교 농업생명과학대학, 4서울대학교 그린바이오과학기술연구원/국제농업기술대학원, 5서울대학교 농업생명과학대학
Correspondence to: (E-mail: scpark1@snu.ac.kr, Tel: +82-33-339-5836, Fax: +82-33-339-5825)
Received July 14, 2019; Revised July 19, 2019; Accepted July 31, 2019.
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Recently, several attempts have been undertaken to develop breeding technologies by combining new biotechnologies. Gene-editing technology is currently one of the most interesting areas. The plant breeding methods using this technique have the advantage of greatly improved accuracy and efficiency of the plant genetic correction compared with conventional breeding methods, which has raised expectations for the useful application of this technology as a cutting-edge breeding technology. Although not all countries around the world currently have established appropriate regulation policies on crops developed with gene-editing technology, the number of cases in which GMO regulations are not applied on a case-by-case basis according to the scientific background is growing. However, Korea has not yet established policies on which criteria should be applied to crops generated from the application of gene-editing technology. As the number of cases of crop development and commercialization using gene-editing technology is expected to increase in the near future, it will be necessary to prepare reasonable policies to support developers and seed industries in Korea to ensure harmonization with international regulatory policy trends.
Keywords : Gene editing, Gene edited crops, Plant biotechnology, Plant breeding, Regulatory policy


September 2019, 51 (3)
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